Show Summary Details

Page of

Printed from Grove Music Online. Grove is a registered trademark. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a single article for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy).

date: 29 September 2020

Meifred [Meyfred, Meiffred], (Jean) Joseph (Pierre) Emile [Joseph Jean Pierre Emile, Pierre-Joseph Emile, Jérôme]locked

  • Jeffrey L. Snedeker

Extract

[Joseph Jean Pierre Emile, Pierre-Joseph Emile, Jérôme]

(b Colmar, Nov 22, 1791; d Paris, Aug 29, 1867). French horn player and designer. He was a pioneer of valve horn playing, pedagogy and design, influencing Halévy, Berlioz and others in Paris, especially in the years between 1830 and 1850. Meifred’s first performing speciality was Cor basse, which required flexibility for wide leaps and refined hand-stopping on the natural horn. He won the premier prix at the Conservatoire in 1818, and played in the orchestras of the Théâtre Italien (1819–22) and the Opéra (1822–50). With the introduction of valved instruments to Paris in about 1826, Meifred adopted the valve horn. He collaborated with Labbaye to create a design which included internal crooks, two permanently attached Stölzel valves and the first European use of tuning-slides added to the valve tubes (later labelled ‘Meifred’ horns). This design was awarded a silver medal at the 1827...

You do not currently have access to this article

Login

Please login to access the full content.

Subscribe

Please subscribe to access the full content.

F.-J. Fétis: Biographie universelle des musiciens