Meifred [Meyfred, Meiffred], (Jean) Joseph (Pierre) Emile [Joseph Jean Pierre Emile, Pierre-Joseph Emile, Jérôme]
- Jeffrey L. Snedeker
[Joseph Jean Pierre Emile, Pierre-Joseph Emile, Jérôme]
(b Colmar, Nov 22, 1791; d Paris, Aug 29, 1867). French horn player and designer. He was a pioneer of valve horn playing, pedagogy and design, influencing Halévy, Berlioz and others in Paris, especially in the years between 1830 and 1850. Meifred’s first performing speciality was Cor basse, which required flexibility for wide leaps and refined hand-stopping on the natural horn. He won the premier prix at the Conservatoire in 1818, and played in the orchestras of the Théâtre Italien (1819–22) and the Opéra (1822–50). With the introduction of valved instruments to Paris in about 1826, Meifred adopted the valve horn. He collaborated with Labbaye to create a design which included internal crooks, two permanently attached Stölzel valves and the first European use of tuning-slides added to the valve tubes (later labelled ‘Meifred’ horns). This design was awarded a silver medal at the 1827...