Melik-Pashayev, Aleksandr Shamil′yevich
- I.M. Yampol′sky
( b Tbilisi, 10/Oct 23, 1905; d Moscow, June 18, 1964). Georgian conductor and composer . He studied with Nikolay Tcherepnin at the Tbilisi Conservatory and then became pianist and leader of the orchestra at the Tbilisi Opera from 1921, and conductor from 1924. He studied conducting with Aleksandr Gauk at Leningrad Conservatory (1928–30) and returned to Tbilisi in 1930 as chief conductor. From 1931 he was conductor, and from 1953 chief conductor, at the Bol′shoy Theatre in Moscow, where he remained until 1962. An outstanding operatic conductor, he was much admired for his control and shaping of large-scale Romantic works with careful attention to detail and balance of musical and dramatic character. As well as conducting memorable productions of operas by Verdi, Meyerbeer, Tchaikovsky and Rimsky-Korsakov, he introduced new operas by Chishko, Dzerzhinsky, Kabalevsky, Shaporin and others to the Bol′shoy Theatre repertory. He also conducted concerts and occasionally appeared abroad, making his British début in a revival of Tchaikovsky’s ...