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  • Paul Griffiths,
  • Mark Lindley
  •  and Ioannis Zannos


Any musical interval or difference of pitch distinctly smaller than a semitone. Some writers restrict the term to quantities of less than half a semitone; others extend it to refer to all music with intervals markedly different from the (logarithmic) 12th part of the octave and its multiples, including such scales with fewer than 12 pitches as are used, for example, in south-east Asia....

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Journal of Music Theory
Revue musicale
Perspectives of New Music