- Romeo Ghircoiaşiu
- , revised by Laura Otilia Vasiliu
(b Braşov, Romania, July 11, 1857; d Blaj, Romania, June 6, 1917). Romanian composer, conductor, pianist, and teacher. He worked toward a national style in professional music, founding his idiom more on the authentic folklore of different regions than on the music of Roma fiddlers (Lăutarii). His works anticipated the style of Romanian oratorios, at the same time outlining the elements of programmatic orchestral music and contributing to the development of the stage genres of the 19th century, which were represented in Romania by vaudeville and operetta.
He received his first musical instruction from his family; at the age of six he appeared as a concert pianist in a literary festival of Astra, the association for Romanian culture, science, and literature. He later attended classes by Jadassohn, Weidenbach, and Reinecke at the Leipzig Conservatory (1880–83); his success in Leipzig included a Mendelssohn prize (1883) and a concert appearance as accompanist to Joachim. On his return to Romania, Mureşianu was active in Braşov as a teacher and conductor (...