Muristus [Mūrisṭus, Mīrisṭus, Mūrṭus]
- James W. McKinnon
[Mūrisṭus, Mīrisṭus, Mūrṭus]
Inventor of organ-like instruments. His name appears only in medieval Arabic sources, and he has been inconclusively identified with various Greek technical writers, notably with Ctesibius (by Farmer). Two devices were attributed to him: one had 12 pipes, their valves operated in an unspecified fashion and supplied with wind by the lung power of four men; the other was a quasi-siren, with a hydraulic wind apparatus similar to that of the hydraulis, and therefore looked upon by some as its forerunner....