Musard, Philippe (Napoléon)
- revised by Gérard Streletski,
- Gustave Chouquet
- and David Charlton
(b Tours, Nov 8, 1792; d Auteuil, March 31, 1859). French composer and conductor. He came from a poor background. He learnt the horn and to some degree the violin, which enabled him to take his first steps as a musician in public balls and dance halls on the outskirts of Paris. His first compositions appear to date from this period. Pougin (FétisB) stated that Musard paid an early visit to London, where he co-directed court balls; one of his many London publications is entitled Waltzes, performed at Almacks &c. by the Band of Messrs Collinet, Michau and Musard (1821–5). Before 1830 Musard's works were played in Paris at the Vauxhall Ball, under Marchand; after the July Revolution he returned to France and conducted at masked balls at the Théâtre des Variétés. He then became artistic director of a series of popular open-air concerts and dances on the Champs-Elysées, which marked the beginning of the ...