Nápravník, Eduard (Frantsevich)
- Robert W. Oldani
(b Býšť, nr Hradec Králové, Aug 24, 1839; d Petrograd [now St Petersburg], 10/Nov 23, 1916). Russian conductor and composer of Czech birth. The son of a village schoolmaster, he studied music as a child with one of his father's colleagues and later with his uncle, Augustin Svoboda, precentor of the cathedral church in Pardubiče, where young Eduard played the organ. He was left an orphan upon his father's death in 1853 (his mother had died of consumption in 1850), and soon thereafter he enrolled in the Prague Organ School, taking organ lessons with Blažek and studying elementary theory, harmony, counterpoint and fugue. In 1855 he began piano lessons with Peter Maydl (1817–96) of the Maydl Institute, making such rapid progress that he subsequently taught at the institute for five years, 1856–61. In these years too he took private lessons in score reading and orchestration from Johann Friedrich Kittl (...