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date: 19 August 2019


  • Ian D. Bent,
  • David W. Hughes,
  • Robert C. Provine,
  • Richard Rastall,
  • Anne Kilmer,
  • David Hiley,
  • Janka Szendrei,
  • Thomas B. Payne,
  • Margaret Bent
  •  and Geoffrey Chew


A visual analogue of musical sound, either as a record of sound heard or imagined, or as a set of visual instructions for performers.

This article includes a discussion of notation in society (§II), subdivided into its primary types, which are considered with reference to various notational systems. Other specialized aspects of notation are considered in separate entries: Braille notation; Cheironomy; Ekphonetic notation; Pitch nomenclature; Shape-note hymnody; Solmization; Tablature; and Tonic Sol-fa. For non-Western notational systems see, in particular, China, People’s Republic of, §II, China, People’s Republic of, §IV; Indonesia; and Japan, §III, 4. Other related entries on technical subjects include Conducting; Improvisation; Mode; Psychology of music; Scale; and Tuning.

Whereas Western notation is considered as such in §III, a discussion of musical documents as sources – their physical make-up and production, their format, the layout and presentation of the music, the ordering of their contents – will be found in ...

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Revue belge de musicologie
Revista de musicología
Perspectives of New Music
Augsburg, Universität Augsburg, Universitätsbibliothek
Rome, Biblioteca Casanatense, sezione Musica
Modena, Duomo, Biblioteca e Archivio Capitolare
Musical Opinion
Dijon, Bibliothèque Municipale
Epinal, Bibliothèque Nationale
M. Mersenne: Harmonie universelle
Rouen, Bibliothèque Municipale
Vienna, Österreichische Nationalbibliothek, Musiksammlung
Perugia, Biblioteca Comunale Augusta
Güssing, Franziskaner Kloster
Pistoia, Biblioteca Comunale Forteguerriana
Die Musikforschung
Cambrai, Médiathèque Municipale
Padua, Duomo, Biblioteca Capitolare, Curia Vescovile
Paléographie musicale
Rome, Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana
The English Madrigal School, rev. as The English Madrigalists
C. Burney: A General History of Music from the Earliest Ages to the Present Period (London, 1776-89); ed. F. Mercer (London, 1935/R) [p. nos. refer to this edn]
Zeitschrift der Internationalen Musik-Gesellschaft
Muzïkal 'nïy sovremennik
Bratislava, Archív Mesta Bratislavy
Paris, Schola Cantorum
Einsiedeln, Benedikterkloster, Musikbibliothek
Prague, Pražská Metropolitní Kapitula
Istanbul, Topkapi Sarayi Müzesi
Valenciennes, Bibliothèque Municipale
Studien zur Musikwissenschaft
Hereford, Cathedral Library
Warsaw, Biblioteka Narodowa
Gesellschaft für Musikforschung: Kongress-Bericht [1950-]
Musicological Studies and Documents
Die Musik in Geschichte und Gegenwart
The New Oxford History of Music (Oxford, 1954-90)
Musical Times
St Gallen, Stiftsbibliothek, Handschriftenabteilung
Reims, Maîtrise de la Cathédrale
Prague, Památník Národního Písemnictví, Knihovna
Early Music History
Graz, Universitätsbibliothek
Handwörterbuch der musikalischen Terminologie
Archiv für Musikwissenschaft
Wrocław, Uniwersytet Wrocławski, Biblioteka Uniwersytecka
Music & Letters
Verdun, Bibliothèque Municipale
see SMH
Monthly Musical Record
Journal of Musicological Research
Journal of the Viola da Gamba Society of America
Journal of Research in Music Education
Kraków, Archiwum i Biblioteka Krakowskiej Kapituły Katedralnej
Collectanea historiae musicae (1953-66)
Budapest, Országos Széchényi Könyvtár
Music Review
Österreichische Musikzeitschrift
R.M.A. [Royal Musical Association] Research Chronicle
Siena, Biblioteca Comunale degli Intronati
Acta musicologica
Bari, Biblioteca Capitolare
Laon, Bibliothèque Municipale
St Omer, Bibliothèque Municipale
Journal of the American Musicological Society
International Musical Society: Congress Report [II-IV, 1906-11]
Kirchenmusikalisches Jahrbuch
Budapest, Eötvös Loránd Tudományegyetem, Egyetemi Könyvtár
Durham, Cathedral Church, Dean and Chapter Library
Monumenta monodica medii aevi
Neue Zeitschrift für Musik
Dresden, Sächsische Staatsoper, Notenbibliothek [in D-Dl]
Zeitschrift für Musikwissenschaft
Florence, Biblioteca Medicea Laurenziana
Chieti, Biblioteca della Curia Arcivescovile e Archivio Capitolare
Fontes artis musicae
Toledo, Catedral, Archivo y Biblioteca Capítulares
Sammelbände der Internationalen Musik-Gesellschaft
Journal of Music Theory
Corpus scriptorum de musica (Rome, later Stuttgart, 1950-)
Trier, Stadtbibliothek
Bamberg, Staatsbibliothek
Prague, Národní Muzeum
Bulletin of the American Musicological Society
O. Strunk: Source Readings in Music History (New York, rev. 2/1998 by L. Treitler)
Musica disciplina
Karlsruhe, Badische Landesbibliothek
Current Musicology
Journal of the International Folk Music Council
Munich, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität, Universitätsbibliothek, Abteilung Handschriften, Nachlässe, Alte Drucke
Leipzig, Karl-Marx-Universität, Universitätsbibliothek, Bibliotheca Albertina
Cortona, Biblioteca Comunale e dell'Accademia Etrusca
Etudes grégoriennes
Modena, Biblioteca Estense e Universitaria
The Hague, Koninklijke Bibliotheek
Das Musikwerk
Utrecht, Universiteit Utrecht, Universiteitsbibliotheek
Journal of Musicology
Prague, Národní Knihovna, Hudenbí Oddělení
Deutsches Jahrbuch der Musikwissenschaft
International Musicological Society: Congress Report [1930-]
Aachen, Domarchiv (Stiftsarchiv)
J.G. Walther: Musicalisches Lexicon, oder Musicalische Bibliothec
Montpellier, Bibliothèque Inter-Universitaire, Section Médecine
Revue de musicologie
Schweizerische Musikzeitung/Revue musicale suisse
Wolfenbüttel, Herzog August Bibliothek, Handschriftensammlung
Paris, Bibliothèque Nationale de France
Early Music
Anuario musical
M. Gerbert: Scriptores ecclesiastici de musica sacra potissimum (St Blasien, 1784/R, 3/1931)
Benevento, Biblioteca Capitolare
Stuttgart, Württembergische Landesbibliothek
Monza, Parrocchia di S Giovanni Battista, Biblioteca Capitolare
Linz, Bundesstaatliche Studienbibliothek
Pelplin, Wyzsze Seminarium Duchowne, Biblioteka
Cologny-Geneva, Fondation Martin Bodmer, Bibliotheca Bodmeriana
Studia musicologica Academiae scientiarum hungaricae
Lucca, Biblioteca Capitolare Feliniana e Biblioteca Arcivescovile
Musical Quarterly
Paris, Bibliothèque Mazarine
Seville, Institución Colombina
Oxford, Bodleian Library
Rome, Biblioteca Vallicelliana
Reading, University, Music Library
C.-E.-H. de Coussemaker: Scriptorum de musica medii aevi nova series (Paris, 1864-76/R, 2/1908, ed. U. Moser)
O. Strunk: Source Readings in Music History (New York, 1950/R)
Munich, Bayerische Staatsbibliothek
London, Lambeth Palace Library
Svensk tidskrift för musikforskning
Vienna, Schottenabtei, Musikarchiv
Chantilly, Musée Condé
London, British Library
Brno, Archiv města Brna
Angers, Bibliothèque Municipale
Verona, Biblioteca Capitolare
Chartres, Bibliothèque Municipale
Vercelli, Biblioteca Capitolare
Klosterneuburg, Augustiner-Chorherrenstift, Stiftsbibliothek
Paris, Bibliothèque Ste-Geneviève