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  • Ian D. Bent,
  • David W. Hughes,
  • Robert C. Provine,
  • Richard Rastall,
  • Anne Kilmer,
  • David Hiley,
  • Janka Szendrei,
  • Thomas B. Payne,
  • Margaret Bent
  •  and Geoffrey Chew


A visual analogue of musical sound, either as a record of sound heard or imagined, or as a set of visual instructions for performers.

This article includes a discussion of notation in society (§II), subdivided into its primary types, which are considered with reference to various notational systems. Other specialized aspects of notation are considered in separate entries: Braille notation; Cheironomy; Ekphonetic notation; Pitch nomenclature; Shape-note hymnody; Solmization; Tablature; and Tonic Sol-fa. For non-Western notational systems see, in particular, China, People’s Republic of, §II, China, People’s Republic of, §IV; Indonesia; and Japan, §III, 4. Other related entries on technical subjects include Conducting; Improvisation; Mode; Psychology of music; Scale; and Tuning.

Whereas Western notation is considered as such in §III, a discussion of musical documents as sources – their physical make-up and production, their format, the layout and presentation of the music, the ordering of their contents – will be found in ...

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Padua, Duomo, Biblioteca Capitolare, Curia Vescovile
Sammelbände der Internationalen Musik-Gesellschaft
Modena, Biblioteca Estense e Universitaria
Pelplin, Wyzsze Seminarium Duchowne, Biblioteka
Leipzig, Karl-Marx-Universität, Universitätsbibliothek, Bibliotheca Albertina
Revue belge de musicologie
Svensk tidskrift för musikforskning
see SMH
Durham, Cathedral Church, Dean and Chapter Library
Perugia, Biblioteca Comunale Augusta
The English Madrigal School, rev. as The English Madrigalists
Cologny-Geneva, Fondation Martin Bodmer, Bibliotheca Bodmeriana
Zeitschrift für Musikwissenschaft
Reims, Maîtrise de la Cathédrale
Revista de musicología
Chieti, Biblioteca della Curia Arcivescovile e Archivio Capitolare
Studia musicologica Academiae scientiarum hungaricae
Trier, Stadtbibliothek
Budapest, Eötvös Loránd Tudományegyetem, Egyetemi Könyvtár
Toledo, Catedral, Archivo y Biblioteca Capítulares
Brno, Archiv města Brna
Music & Letters
Aachen, Domarchiv (Stiftsarchiv)
O. Strunk: Source Readings in Music History (New York, 1950/R)
Kraków, Archiwum i Biblioteka Krakowskiej Kapituły Katedralnej
Benevento, Biblioteca Capitolare
Paris, Schola Cantorum
Deutsches Jahrbuch der Musikwissenschaft
Neue Zeitschrift für Musik
Cortona, Biblioteca Comunale e dell'Accademia Etrusca
Fontes artis musicae
Paris, Bibliothèque Ste-Geneviève
Hereford, Cathedral Library
Seville, Institución Colombina
Cambrai, Médiathèque Municipale
Anuario musical
Pistoia, Biblioteca Comunale Forteguerriana
Bulletin of the American Musicological Society
Augsburg, Universität Augsburg, Universitätsbibliothek
Reading, University, Music Library
Florence, Biblioteca Medicea Laurenziana
Epinal, Bibliothèque Nationale
Archiv für Musikwissenschaft
Warsaw, Biblioteka Narodowa
St Gallen, Stiftsbibliothek, Handschriftenabteilung
M. Mersenne: Harmonie universelle
Revue de musicologie
Verdun, Bibliothèque Municipale
Musical Times
J.G. Walther: Musicalisches Lexicon, oder Musicalische Bibliothec
Wrocław, Uniwersytet Wrocławski, Biblioteka Uniwersytecka
Zeitschrift der Internationalen Musik-Gesellschaft
Stuttgart, Württembergische Landesbibliothek
Prague, Pražská Metropolitní Kapitula
Dresden, Sächsische Staatsoper, Notenbibliothek [in D-Dl]
Klosterneuburg, Augustiner-Chorherrenstift, Stiftsbibliothek
Lucca, Biblioteca Capitolare Feliniana e Biblioteca Arcivescovile
Paris, Bibliothèque Nationale de France
The Hague, Koninklijke Bibliotheek
Angers, Bibliothèque Municipale
Graz, Universitätsbibliothek
Vercelli, Biblioteca Capitolare
Verona, Biblioteca Capitolare
Paris, Bibliothèque Mazarine
Bamberg, Staatsbibliothek
Prague, Památník Národního Písemnictví, Knihovna
Acta musicologica
The New Oxford History of Music (Oxford, 1954-90)
Monza, Parrocchia di S Giovanni Battista, Biblioteca Capitolare
Journal of the American Musicological Society
Paléographie musicale
Bari, Biblioteca Capitolare
Karlsruhe, Badische Landesbibliothek
Montpellier, Bibliothèque Inter-Universitaire, Section Médecine
Journal of Music Theory
R.M.A. [Royal Musical Association] Research Chronicle
C.-E.-H. de Coussemaker: Scriptorum de musica medii aevi nova series (Paris, 1864-76/R, 2/1908, ed. U. Moser)
Muzïkal 'nïy sovremennik
Modena, Duomo, Biblioteca e Archivio Capitolare
Prague, Národní Muzeum
London, British Library
Musical Opinion
Etudes grégoriennes
Schweizerische Musikzeitung/Revue musicale suisse
Chantilly, Musée Condé
Munich, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität, Universitätsbibliothek, Abteilung Handschriften, Nachlässe, Alte Drucke
Gesellschaft für Musikforschung: Kongress-Bericht [1950-]
Valenciennes, Bibliothèque Municipale
Chartres, Bibliothèque Municipale
Budapest, Országos Széchényi Könyvtár
Prague, Národní Knihovna, Hudenbí Oddělení
Linz, Bundesstaatliche Studienbibliothek
Güssing, Franziskaner Kloster
Bratislava, Archív Mesta Bratislavy
Monumenta monodica medii aevi
Early Music History
St Omer, Bibliothèque Municipale
Collectanea historiae musicae (1953-66)
Journal of Musicology
Rome, Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana
London, Lambeth Palace Library
Music Review
Perspectives of New Music
Musical Quarterly
M. Gerbert: Scriptores ecclesiastici de musica sacra potissimum (St Blasien, 1784/R, 3/1931)
Einsiedeln, Benedikterkloster, Musikbibliothek
Journal of the International Folk Music Council
Die Musik in Geschichte und Gegenwart
Vienna, Österreichische Nationalbibliothek, Musiksammlung
O. Strunk: Source Readings in Music History (New York, rev. 2/1998 by L. Treitler)
Current Musicology
Corpus scriptorum de musica (Rome, later Stuttgart, 1950-)
Wolfenbüttel, Herzog August Bibliothek, Handschriftensammlung
Österreichische Musikzeitschrift
Oxford, Bodleian Library
Munich, Bayerische Staatsbibliothek
Laon, Bibliothèque Municipale
Istanbul, Topkapi Sarayi Müzesi
Musicological Studies and Documents
Journal of the Viola da Gamba Society of America
Rouen, Bibliothèque Municipale
Kirchenmusikalisches Jahrbuch
Das Musikwerk
Rome, Biblioteca Casanatense, sezione Musica
Monthly Musical Record
Vienna, Schottenabtei, Musikarchiv
Rome, Biblioteca Vallicelliana
Siena, Biblioteca Comunale degli Intronati
Journal of Musicological Research
C. Burney: A General History of Music from the Earliest Ages to the Present Period (London, 1776-89); ed. F. Mercer (London, 1935/R) [p. nos. refer to this edn]
Die Musikforschung
Handwörterbuch der musikalischen Terminologie
Journal of Research in Music Education
Utrecht, Universiteit Utrecht, Universiteitsbibliotheek
Early Music
International Musical Society: Congress Report [II-IV, 1906-11]
Studien zur Musikwissenschaft
Musica disciplina
International Musicological Society: Congress Report [1930-]
Dijon, Bibliothèque Municipale