Obouhow, Nicolas [Obukhov, Nikolay]
- Jonathan Powell
(b Ol′shanka, Kursk province, 10/April 22, 1892; d St Cloud, nr Paris, June 13, 1954). Russian composer. He studied for a while at the Moscow Conservatory from 1911 (counterpoint with Il′insky and the piano with Strakhov) before entering the St Petersburg Conservatory in 1913, where he studied with Kalafati, Maksimilian Steinberg and Nikolay Tcherepnin. His first acknowledged works date from 1913: these include the songs published as Quatre mélodies by Rouart et Lerolle in Paris in 1921. In 1915 he developed his own form of notation in which the need for accidentals is obviated by the use of noteheads in the shape of crosses; this system, similar to that invented by Golïshev during the same period, was used by Obouhow in all of his works written after the middle of 1915 and gave rise to a great deal of journalistic polemic. The only performance his works received in Russia during his lifetime took place at an evening sponsored by the journal ...