Vizzana [Vizana], Lucrezia Orsina
- Craig Monson
(b Bologna, July 3, 1590; d Bologna, May 7, 1662). Italian composer, singer and organist . About 1598 she entered the Camaldolese convent of S Christina, Bologna, where she probably learnt music from her aunt, Camilla Bombacci, sometime convent organist, and from Ottavio Vernizzi, unauthorized music master at S Christina from about 1615 to about 1623. By contrast with the lavish, double-choir music by Adriano Banchieri, Gabriele Fattorini, G.B. Biondi and Ercole Porta dedicated to nuns at S Christina and almost certainly performed there, Vizzana’s own motets, published in Componimenti musicali de motetti concertati a 1 e più voci (Venice, 1623), chiefly solos or duets with continuo, betray the influence of the stile moderno in their delicately virtuoso ornamentation for rhetorical effect, frequent insertion of phrases in declamatory style, juxtaposition of chromatic chords a 3rd apart, and, most notably, in expressive leaps from suspended dissonances, a technique Vizzana probably learnt from works by Monteverdi or Porta. Some motets were conceived for feast days at the convent; the greatest number are directed to Christ as redeemer or spouse, or as the object of veneration in the sacrament or on the cross; others may reflect the political struggles at S Christina from ...