- Philippe Mercier
(b Brussels, 24, 26 or Nov 29, 1768; d Brussels, 3/June 4, 1804). Flemish composer, violinist and conductor. His father, Jean Pauwels, was a bass singer and his elder brother, Jean-Joseph Pauwels, was a bass and a violinist at the royal chapel of the Austrian governor of the southern Netherlands. Jean-Englebert was a chorister at the royal chapel by the end of 1780; there he studied the violin with van Maldere and composition with Ignaz Vitzthumb. In 1788 he went to Paris and continued his composition studies with Le Sueur. He played the violin in the Théâtre Feydeau orchestra, and in 1790 became orchestra director in the Strasbourg Theatre. By 1791 or 1792 he was playing first violin in the Brussels Théâtre de la Monnaie where, in 1794, he became director of the orchestra. With Lambert Godecharle he founded the Société Concert des Grands in 1799...