Philippe de Bourbon
- Cuthbert Girdlestone
- , revised by Jean-Paul Montagnier
(b St Cloud, Aug 2, 1674; d Versailles, Dec 2, 1723). French patron and musician . He was Duke of Chartres and (after the death of his father in 1701) Duke of Orléans, and from 1715 Regent of France. A nephew of Louis XIV, he grew up in Paris and played the flute, guitar, harpsichord and viol. He studied music with Etienne Loulié and composition with Marc-Antoine Charpentier, Nicolas Bernier and Charles-Hubert Gervais, his lifelong valet whom he appointed intendant of his music in 1700. He was keenly interested in Italian music and employed both French and Italian musicians. His earliest known work was an opera, Philomèle, written in collaboration with Charpentier in 1694 and played three times in his residence, the Palais Royal. The duke forbade its publication and it is lost. Helped by Gervais, he composed Penthée, an opera which was probably rehearsed on 21 October 1703...