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Pianoforte [piano]locked

  • Edwin M. Ripin,
  • Stewart Pollens,
  • Philip R. Belt,
  • Maribel Meisel,
  • Alfons Huber,
  • Michael Cole,
  • Gert Hecher,
  • Beryl Kenyon de Pascual,
  • Cynthia Adams Hoover,
  • Cyril Ehrlich,
  • Edwin M. Good,
  • Robert Winter
  •  and J. Bradford Robinson


A keyboard instrument distinguished by the fact that its strings are struck by rebounding hammers rather than plucked (as in the harpsichord) or struck by tangents that remain in contact with the strings (as in the clavichord).

The present article treats the history and technique of the instrument; for discussion of the repertory ...

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Early Music
Proceedings of the Royal Musical Association
Mozart-Jahrbuch [Salzburg, 1950-]
Galpin Society Journal
Musical Quarterly
Revista de musicología
Studien zur Musikwissenschaft
C. Burney: The Present State of Music in France and Italy (London, 1771, 2/1773)
19th Century Music
Music & Letters
New York, Pierpont Morgan Library
Journal of the American Musical Instrument Society
A. Lavignac and L. de La Laurencie, eds.: Encyclopédie de la musique et dictionnaire du Conservatoire
C. Burney: A General History of Music from the Earliest Ages to the Present Period (London, 1776-89); ed. F. Mercer (London, 1935/R) [p. nos. refer to this edn]
Journal of the American Musicological Society
D.H. Boalch: Makers of the Harpsichord and Clavichord 1440 to 1840
Journal of Musicology
C. Burney: The Present State of Music in Germany, the Netherlands, and the United Provinces (London, 1773, 2/1775)
Hinrichsen's Musical Year Book
Sammelbände der Internationalen Musik-Gesellschaft
Allgemeine (deutsche) Musik-Zeitung/Musikzeitung (1874-1943)