Podio [Puig], Guillermo de [Despuig, Guillermo ]
- F.J. León Tello
[Despuig, Guillermo ]
( fl late 15th century). Spanish priest and music theorist . Born possibly in Valencia or Tortosa, he is usually identified with the Guillermo de Puig who was curate of S Catalina, Alzira, from 1479 to 1488. A Guillermo Molins de Podio held a benefice at Barcelona Cathedral, and was a chaplain to John II of Aragon in 1474. The relationship between these two clergymen has not been established. The theorist wrote Ars musicorum (Valencia, 1495/R; ed. A. Seay, Colorado Springs, 1978) and In enchiridion de principiis musicae (MS, I-Bc ; ed. Anglès); the latter, apparently intended for Spanish students at Bologna, may be evidence that Podio visited that city. The first treatise comprises eight books and sets out to be exhaustive; an expanded treatment of part of it appears anonymously in In enchiridion. Podio’s musical aesthetic was based on the ideas expounded by Boethius; thus, he regarded music as a mathematical and physical science, integrated into the Quadrivium according to the Pythagorean system. He classified musicians as theoretical or practising exponents, the former, as was customary, being regarded as superior. On several important points he opposed Ramis de Pareia's innovations, particularly in his discussion of the sizes of intervals, where he adhered to Pythagorean arithmetic. In the same way, he retained and discussed the use of Guidonian solmization, rather than adopt Ramis’s syllabic notation. Podio attributed the growth of Roman chant and its relationship to polyphony to Pope Vitalian. ...