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date: 17 January 2020

Praupner [Braupner, Brautmer, Brautner, Prautner], Václav [Venceslaus] (Josef Bartoloměj)locked

  • Milan Poštolka

Extract

[Venceslaus] (Josef Bartoloměj)

(b Litoměřice, Aug 18, 1745; d Prague, April 1, 1807). Bohemian composer, violinist and organist, brother of Jan Praupner. He studied music at the Jesuit Gymnasium in Litoměřice, and before 1770 went to Prague, where he studied philosophy and theology. He became a church musician and also taught music to the nobility. From 1783 he directed the orchestra at several Prague theatres, and was choirmaster at various churches including, from 1794 until his death, the Týn Church and St František. He was an admirer of Mozart, whom he met in 1787. Esteemed as a player, violin and singing teacher and orchestra director, he was elected the first director of the Prague Tonkünstler-Sozietät in 1803, a position that enabled him to help introduce important oratorios, such as The Creation and Messiah, to the Prague public.

Praupner’s most notable composition is the scenic melodrama Circe (1789). Developing J.A. Benda’s model, he wrote music full of abrupt modulations and chromaticism, with the orchestration reflecting the dramatic situations of the text. His sacred compositions contain conservative traits such as ...

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