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Psalms, metricallocked

  • Nicholas Temperley,
  • Howard Slenk,
  • Jan R. Luth,
  • Margaret Munck,
  • John M. Barkley
  •  and R. Tosh

Extract

Paraphrases of the biblical psalms in verse translation, often designed for singing to tunes of a simple popular type (known today as hymn tunes).

Translation of the psalms into metrical verse goes back to Apollinaris in the 4th century, and poetic paraphrases may have been made as early as the 2nd century for the so-called Gnostic psalter of Bardaisan and his son Harmonius. It continued throughout the Middle Ages, chiefly for the purposes of edification and private devotion. Metrical versions of the seven ‘penitential psalms’ (vi, xxxii, xxxviii, li, cii, cxxx and cxliii) held a special place in the devotional life of the Roman Church, but in the 16th century a new motive was added – that of public worship. Hus and Luther acknowledged the power of congregational singing, which required texts in verse because prose could not easily be sung by the people at large. Thus the enormous increase in the quantity of metrical psalms after ...

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Revue de musicologie
Tijdschrift van de Vereniging voor Nederlandse muziekgeschiedenis [and earlier variants]
J. Hawkins: A General History of the Science and Practice of Music (London, 1776)
Die Musik in Geschichte und Gegenwart
Journal of the American Musicological Society
Musical Times
London, British Library
Annales musicologiques
Jahrbuch für Liturgik und Hymnologie
Journal of Research in Music Education
Edinburgh, University Library, Main Library
Dublin, Trinity College Library, University of Dublin
Kassel, Gesamthochschul-Bibliothek, Landesbibliothek und Murhardsche Bibliothek, Musiksammlung
Oxford, Christ Church Library
Die Musik in Geschichte und Gegenwart