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Marot’s setting of Psalm cxxx, ‘Du fond de ma pensée’, from Calvin’s second psalter ‘La forme des prières’ (Geneva, 1542)

Marot’s setting of Psalm cxxx, ‘Du fond de ma pensée’, from Calvin’s second psalter ‘La forme des prières’ (Geneva, 1542)

Wurttembergische Landesbibliothek, Germany

Psalms, metrical II. The European continent 2. France and Switzerland. (i) Monophonic psalters.: Ex.1 The melody for Psalm lxxii compared with the tenor of Josquin’s chanson Petite camusette

Psalms, metrical II. The European continent 2. France and Switzerland. (i) Monophonic psalters.: Ex.1 The melody for Psalm lxxii compared with the tenor of Josquin’s chanson Petite camusette

Psalms, metrical II. The European continent 2. France and Switzerland. (i) Monophonic psalters.: Ex.2 The opening of the melody for Psalm lxxx compared with the Easter sequence Victimae paschali laudes (transposed up a 4th)

Psalms, metrical II. The European continent 2. France and Switzerland. (i) Monophonic psalters.: Ex.2 The opening of the melody for Psalm lxxx compared with the Easter sequence Victimae paschali laudes (transposed up a 4th)

Psalms, metrical II. The European continent 2. France and Switzerland. (ii) Polyphonic settings.: Ex.3 Loys Bourgeois’ setting of Psalm cxxx in imitative style, from Le premier livre des pseaulmes (Lyons, 1547)

Psalms, metrical II. The European continent 2. France and Switzerland. (ii) Polyphonic settings.: Ex.3 Loys Bourgeois’ setting of Psalm cxxx in imitative style, from Le premier livre des pseaulmes (Lyons, 1547)

Psalms, metrical II. The European continent 2. France and Switzerland. (ii) Polyphonic settings.: Ex.4 The openings of Goudimel’s three settings of Psalm i (a) from the Tiers livre contenant huit pseaumes de David (Paris, 1557) (b) from Les cent cinquante pseaumes de David (Paris, 1564) (c) from Les cent cinquante pseaumes de David (Paris, 1568)

Psalms, metrical II. The European continent 2. France and Switzerland. (ii) Polyphonic settings.: Ex.4 The openings of Goudimel’s three settings of Psalm i (a) from the Tiers livre contenant huit pseaumes de David (Paris, 1557) (b) from Les cent cinquante pseaumes de David (Paris, 1564) (c) from Les cent cinquante pseaumes de David (Paris, 1568)

Psalms, metrical II. The European continent 3. The Low Countries (French language). (ii) Polyphonic settings.: Ex.5 Pevernage’s setting of Psalm xxxiii, from Chansons d’Andre Pevernage, livre premier (Antwerp, 1589)

Psalms, metrical II. The European continent 3. The Low Countries (French language). (ii) Polyphonic settings.: Ex.5 Pevernage’s setting of Psalm xxxiii, from Chansons d’Andre Pevernage, livre premier (Antwerp, 1589)

Psalms, metrical II. The European continent 3. The Low Countries (French language). (ii) Polyphonic settings.: Ex.6 The openings of two psalm motets by Sweelinck, from Cinquante pseaumes de David (Amsterdam, 1604) (a) Psalm xxiv, in cantus-firmus style (b) Psalm cxxx, using equal imitation

Psalms, metrical II. The European continent 3. The Low Countries (French language). (ii) Polyphonic settings.: Ex.6 The openings of two psalm motets by Sweelinck, from Cinquante pseaumes de David (Amsterdam, 1604) (a) Psalm xxiv, in cantus-firmus style (b) Psalm cxxx, using equal imitation

Setting of Psalm xliv, with sol-fa letters against the notes of the tune, from ‘The Whole Booke of Psalmes, Collected into Englishe Meter by Thomas Sternhold, John Hopkins’ (1569)

Setting of Psalm xliv, with sol-fa letters against the notes of the tune, from ‘The Whole Booke of Psalmes, Collected into Englishe Meter by Thomas Sternhold, John Hopkins’ (1569)

© Dean and Chapter of Westminster

Psalms, metrical III. England 1. The Church of England. (iii) Tunes.: Ex.7 Psalm 1, first version (Whittingham), to the tune Frost no.69 (from the French psalter). Source: 1558 psalm book

Psalms, metrical III. England 1. The Church of England. (iii) Tunes.: Ex.7 Psalm 1, first version (Whittingham), to the tune Frost no.69 (from the French psalter). Source: 1558 psalm book

Psalms, metrical III. England 1. The Church of England. (iii) Tunes. V. North America 1. History of psalm singing. (iv) Puritans.: Ex.9 Psalm viii (Sternhold), to the tune Frost no.19. Source: East’s Psalmes (1592), harmonies omitted

Psalms, metrical III. England 1. The Church of England. (iii) Tunes. V. North America 1. History of psalm singing. (iv) Puritans.: Ex.9 Psalm viii (Sternhold), to the tune Frost no.19. Source: East’s Psalmes (1592), harmonies omitted

Five choirboys and two men singing from psalm books in an organ gallery: ‘Obediah, the Psalm Singer’, drawing by John Nixon, pen and ink with wash, 1783 (private collection)

Five choirboys and two men singing from psalm books in an organ gallery: ‘Obediah, the Psalm Singer’, drawing by John Nixon, pen and ink with wash, 1783 (private collection)

Psalms, metrical III. England 1. The Church of England. (iii) Tunes.: Ex.10 Psalm xxxvi (New Version), vv.5–10, to the tune ‘Wareham’ by William Knapp (tenor part of a four-part setting in Knapp’s A Sett of New Psalm-Tunes, 1738)

Psalms, metrical III. England 1. The Church of England. (iii) Tunes.: Ex.10 Psalm xxxvi (New Version), vv.5–10, to the tune ‘Wareham’ by William Knapp (tenor part of a four-part setting in Knapp’s A Sett of New Psalm-Tunes, 1738)

Tune for Psalm iv from John Chetham’s ‘A Book of Psalmody’ (1718); reference is made at the top to the practice of ‘lining out’, and the music is an attempt to represent the mode of singing psalm tunes known as the ‘old way of singing’

Tune for Psalm iv from John Chetham’s ‘A Book of Psalmody’ (1718); reference is made at the top to the practice of ‘lining out’, and the music is an attempt to represent the mode of singing psalm tunes known as the ‘old way of singing’

Psalms, metrical III. England 1. The Church of England. (iv) Performing practice.: Ex.11 Psalm xxv, to the tune ‘Southwell’ (Frost no.45), from A New and Easie Method (1686). (The plain version is given in up-stemmed notes.)

Psalms, metrical III. England 1. The Church of England. (iv) Performing practice.: Ex.11 Psalm xxv, to the tune ‘Southwell’ (Frost no.45), from A New and Easie Method (1686). (The plain version is given in up-stemmed notes.)

Psalms, metrical III. England 1. The Church of England. (iv) Performing practice.: Ex.12 ‘New Tune’ (up-stemmed), from Playford’s Introduction (1658 edn) (Frost no.25) and ‘Oxford’ (down-stemmed), from Ravenscroft’s Psalmes (1621) (Frost no.121)

Psalms, metrical III. England 1. The Church of England. (iv) Performing practice.: Ex.12 ‘New Tune’ (up-stemmed), from Playford’s Introduction (1658 edn) (Frost no.25) and ‘Oxford’ (down-stemmed), from Ravenscroft’s Psalmes (1621) (Frost no.121)

Gallery of Dorking Church, Surrey, with five singers accompanied by a flute, oboe and bassoon: pen and ink drawing with wash (1788) by John Nixon, pen and ink with wash, 1788 (private collection)

Gallery of Dorking Church, Surrey, with five singers accompanied by a flute, oboe and bassoon: pen and ink drawing with wash (1788) by John Nixon, pen and ink with wash, 1788 (private collection)

Psalms, metrical III. England 1. The Church of England. (iv) Performing practice.: Ex.13 ‘The tune of the 25 Psalm’ (Frost no.45), from Playford’s Musick’s Hand-maide (RISM 16637); see alsoex.14

Psalms, metrical III. England 1. The Church of England. (iv) Performing practice.: Ex.13 ‘The tune of the 25 Psalm’ (Frost no.45), from Playford’s Musick’s Hand-maide (RISM 16637); see alsoex.14

Psalms, metrical III. England 4. Harmonized settings. (iii) Elaborate settings of psalm tunes.: Ex.15 Psalm cxiii, to the tune Frost no.125, in a five-part setting by Cosyn (1585)

Psalms, metrical III. England 4. Harmonized settings. (iii) Elaborate settings of psalm tunes.: Ex.15 Psalm cxiii, to the tune Frost no.125, in a five-part setting by Cosyn (1585)

Psalms, metrical III. England 4. Harmonized settings. (iv) Note-against-note harmonizations.: Ex.16 Psalm c, to the tune Frost no.114, set by W. Parsons in Day’s The Whole Psalmes (RISM 15638)

Psalms, metrical III. England 4. Harmonized settings. (iv) Note-against-note harmonizations.: Ex.16 Psalm c, to the tune Frost no.114, set by W. Parsons in Day’s The Whole Psalmes (RISM 15638)

Psalms, metrical III. England 4. Harmonized settings. (iv) Note-against-note harmonizations.: Ex.17 Psalm cxlvi (Hopkins), to the tune Frost no.172a, set by J. Farmer in East’s Psalmes (1592)

Psalms, metrical III. England 4. Harmonized settings. (iv) Note-against-note harmonizations.: Ex.17 Psalm cxlvi (Hopkins), to the tune Frost no.172a, set by J. Farmer in East’s Psalmes (1592)

Psalms, metrical III. England 4. Harmonized settings. (iv) Note-against-note harmonizations.: Ex.18 Psalm xlvii, to the tune ‘London New’ (Frost no.222), set by Playford in his Psalms (1677)

Psalms, metrical III. England 4. Harmonized settings. (iv) Note-against-note harmonizations.: Ex.18 Psalm xlvii, to the tune ‘London New’ (Frost no.222), set by Playford in his Psalms (1677)

Psalms, metrical IV. Scotland and Ireland 1. Scotland. (i) Texts.: Ex.19 Psalm lxxxi from the 1564 psalter; text by Pont

Psalms, metrical IV. Scotland and Ireland 1. Scotland. (i) Texts.: Ex.19 Psalm lxxxi from the 1564 psalter; text by Pont

Psalms, metrical IV. Scotland and Ireland 1. Scotland. (ii) Music.: Ex.21 Psalm c from the 1635 psalter

Psalms, metrical IV. Scotland and Ireland 1. Scotland. (ii) Music.: Ex.21 Psalm c from the 1635 psalter

Psalms, metrical IV. Scotland and Ireland 1. Scotland. (ii) Music.: Ex.20 ‘Common’

Psalms, metrical IV. Scotland and Ireland 1. Scotland. (ii) Music.: Ex.20 ‘Common’

Psalms, metrical IV. Scotland and Ireland 1. Scotland. (ii) Music.: Ex.22 ‘Martyrs’

Psalms, metrical IV. Scotland and Ireland 1. Scotland. (ii) Music.: Ex.22 ‘Martyrs’

Psalms, metrical IV. Scotland and Ireland 1. Scotland. (ii) Music.: Ex.23 ‘Desert’, first two lines

Psalms, metrical IV. Scotland and Ireland 1. Scotland. (ii) Music.: Ex.23 ‘Desert’, first two lines

Psalms, metrical IV. Scotland and Ireland 1. Scotland. (iii) Performing practice.: Ex.25 ‘French’

Psalms, metrical IV. Scotland and Ireland 1. Scotland. (iii) Performing practice.: Ex.25 ‘French’

Psalms, metrical IV. Scotland and Ireland 1. Scotland. (iii) Performing practice.: Ex.26 ‘Dunfermline’: ‘faux-bourdon’ setting in the 1929 psalter

Psalms, metrical IV. Scotland and Ireland 1. Scotland. (iii) Performing practice.: Ex.26 ‘Dunfermline’: ‘faux-bourdon’ setting in the 1929 psalter

Psalms, metrical V. North America 1. History of psalm singing. (i) Episcopal churches.: Ex.27 Peter Valton (c1740–84): ‘St Peters’, in Eckhard’s book of 1809, where it is allocated to ‘Psalm 46’ – i.e. Psalm cl (New Version), v.1 of which is underlaid here

Psalms, metrical V. North America 1. History of psalm singing. (i) Episcopal churches.: Ex.27 Peter Valton (c1740–84): ‘St Peters’, in Eckhard’s book of 1809, where it is allocated to ‘Psalm 46’ – i.e. Psalm cl (New Version), v.1 of which is underlaid here

Psalms, metrical V. North America 1. History of psalm singing. (iv) Puritans.: Ex.28 ‘Low Dutch Tune’, from the Bay Psalm Book (1698)

Psalms, metrical V. North America 1. History of psalm singing. (iv) Puritans.: Ex.28 ‘Low Dutch Tune’, from the Bay Psalm Book (1698)

Psalms, metrical V. North America 1. History of psalm singing. (iv) Puritans.: Ex.29 ‘Southwel New Tune’, from Walter (1721) [originally on three staves, ]

Psalms, metrical V. North America 1. History of psalm singing. (iv) Puritans.: Ex.29 ‘Southwel New Tune’, from Walter (1721) [originally on three staves, ]

Table 1

Table 1

Psalms, metrical III. England 1. The Church of England. (iii) Tunes.: Ex.8 Psalm v (Sternhold), to the tune Frost no.20. Source: 1556 psalm book

Psalms, metrical III. England 1. The Church of England. (iii) Tunes.: Ex.8 Psalm v (Sternhold), to the tune Frost no.20. Source: 1556 psalm book

Psalms, metrical III. England 1. The Church of England. (iv) Performing practice.: Ex.14 ‘Southwell tune’ from The Psalms by Dr Blow Set full for the Organ (1703, 3/1718) (Frost no.45)

Psalms, metrical III. England 1. The Church of England. (iv) Performing practice.: Ex.14 ‘Southwell tune’ from The Psalms by Dr Blow Set full for the Organ (1703, 3/1718) (Frost no.45)

Psalms, metrical IV. Scotland and Ireland 1. Scotland. (ii) Music.: Ex.24 ‘Kilmarnock’

Psalms, metrical IV. Scotland and Ireland 1. Scotland. (ii) Music.: Ex.24 ‘Kilmarnock’

Psalms, metrical V. North America 1. History of psalm singing. (iv) Puritans.: Ex.30 ‘136 Psalm Tune’, from Johnston’s tune supplement to Tate and Brady New Version (1755), here underlaid with the first verse of Psalm cxxxvi

Psalms, metrical V. North America 1. History of psalm singing. (iv) Puritans.: Ex.30 ‘136 Psalm Tune’, from Johnston’s tune supplement to Tate and Brady New Version (1755), here underlaid with the first verse of Psalm cxxxvi

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