Quattrini, Jan Ludwik
- Irena Poniatowska
(b Brescia, May 13, 1822; d Warsaw, April 10, 1893). Italian flautist, singer and teacher, who worked in Poland. He studied with Basili at the Milan Conservatory. From 1839 he was band-master at Mantua, and later at Genoa, Turin, Milan, Venice and Berlin. He moved to Warsaw in 1843 with Rocca's Italian touring opera company and from 1845 to 1891 ran a singing school there, using his own teaching methods, and in 1846 published a Méthode simplifiée de chant. From 1845 he was joint conductor of the Warsaw Opera with N.T. Nidecki; after Nidecki's death he became sole conductor and held the title of director of opera, shared simultaneously by a number of other conductors, including Moniuszko. He introduced to Warsaw the operas of Meyerbeer (Les Huguenots, Le prophète, Robert le diable, L'Africaine), Halévy (La Juive), Gounod (Faust), Verdi (Jérusalem, Ernani...