Rashīd, Ḥasan (Aḥmad)
- Samha El-Kholy
(b Cairo, July 10, 1896; d Cairo, May 25, 1969). Egyptian composer. As a boy in Cairo he played the violin, which he continued to study for many years, both in Egypt and in England, where his wealthy family sent him to be educated: he read agriculture at Durham University, also singing baritone and composing. In 1918 he returned to Cairo and married Bahīga Sidqī, the pianist and composer of children's songs. The Rashīds were among the most active members of the Egyptian Amateur Music Association, which they founded with others in 1942, the aim of the organization being to spread the appreciation of classical Western and new Egyptian music. Besides performing in the association's concerts, Rashīd began to compose vocal music to Arabic texts, an activity which culminated in his single opera Antony's Death, to the first part of Aḥmad Shawqī's Cleopatra's Death. This was the first opera composed by an Egyptian with an Arabic text and subject. Parts of it were produced in ...