Razumovsky, Count Andrey Kirillovich
- Elliot Forbes
- , revised by William Meredith
(b St Petersburg, 22 Oct/Nov 2, 1752; d Vienna, Sept 23, 1836). Russian patron of music. He entered diplomatic service in 1772 and was Russian ambassador to Vienna, 1792–9 and 1801–6. In 1788 he married Countess Elisabeth of Thun, sister of Princess Lichnowsky. After her death in 1806 he married Countess Constanze of Thürheim. Razumovsky was handsome, witty and well educated, and was known throughout Europe for his patronage of the arts. An amateur violinist, he knew Haydn, Mozart and Beethoven through the musical and aristocratic circles of Vienna and was one of Beethoven’s first Viennese patrons: he subscribed to Beethoven’s op.1, purchased tickets to his concerts and put the professional string quartet that he established in 1808 (led by Ignaz Schuppanzigh) at Beethoven’s disposal. His name is associated primarily with the three quartets op.59, which contain two Russian folksongs; Beethoven’s fifth and sixth symphonies were dedicated jointly to both Razumovsky and Prince Lobkowitz. Although Razumovsky had already retired as ambassador, he was Russia’s main representative at the Congress of Vienna in ...