Responsory [Great responsory of Matins and Vespers; responsorium prolixum]
- Paul Frederick Cutter,
- Brad Maiani,
- Davitt Moroney
- and John Caldwell
A category of Western chant serving at Matins and monastic Vespers as musical postludes to the reading of lessons, as the gradual and alleluia do at the Mass. Indeed, responsories make up the greater part of Matins, and in the total repertory of Roman chant are surpassed in quantity only by Office antiphons. From about 600 in their earliest musical source, the Hartker manuscript dating from about 1000 (PalMus, 2nd ser., i, ...