- Julian Rushton
(b Paris, June 24, 1746; d Paris, 1819). French composer and conductor. He was a choirboy at Notre Dame in Paris. In 1775 he joined the orchestra of the Paris Opéra as a double bass player, but left in 1780 to take charge of the French opera at the Landgrave of Hesse’s court in Kassel. In 1785 he returned to the Opéra orchestra and shortly afterwards was appointed second conductor; he remained in the service of this institution until 1815. Apart from some chamber music, he composed mainly for the theatre, contributing additional music to other composers’ works, arranging a pasticcio Descente d’Orphée aux Enfers (1798) and a parody of Anfossi’s L’incognita perseguitata as L’inconnue persécutée (1776). His own works suggest his efficiency in meeting the demands of the ballet-masters rather than any pronounced individuality, although there are moments of originality in some of his major works, and his command of the orchestra is evident. The ...