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date: 16 November 2019


  • Günter Fleischhauer,
  • Joseph Dyer,
  • Richard Sherr,
  • Jean Lionnet,
  • Margaret Murata,
  • Lowell Lindgren,
  • Peter Allsop
  •  and Bianca Maria Antolini


City in Italy, formerly centre of the Roman Empire and, since 1420, the undisputed physical centre of the Roman Catholic Church. Since 1870, when Italy was united, Rome has been its capital.

Günter Fleischhauer

Historians of ancient Roman music once devoted themselves almost entirely to two limited areas of investigation, late classical music theory and organology, drawing their evidence from Greek and Roman authors. Consequently, writers of general music histories did not dispute the widely held views of the ‘unmusicality’ of the Romans and the ‘decline’ and ‘decadence’ of music after the Hellenistic period. These views, maintained even after the discovery of musical documents from the Hellenistic and Roman periods, arise from an uncritical bias towards Hellenism and Roman culture.

Since the 1930s, through the systematic evaluation of literary and epigraphical references and archaeological sources, scholars (Machabey, Scott, Wille, Fleischhauer, Baudot, Guidobaldi etc.) have increasingly begun to appreciate the importance of music in Roman life. From the era of the Kings (...

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