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date: 08 December 2019

Rosowsky, Solomon [Shlomo]locked

  • Edith Gerson-Kiwi
  • , revised by Bret Werb

Extract

[Shlomo]

(b Riga, March 27, 1878; d New York, July 31, 1962). Russian-Latvian musician and scholar of Hebrew Bible cantillation. His father was the noted Jewish cantor Baruch Leib Rosowsky (1841–1919). He studied composition under Rimsky-Korsakov, Glazunov and Lyadov at the St Petersburg Imperial Conservatory and conducting under Nikisch at the Leipzig Konservatorium. After studying law in Kiev he returned to music; he was a co-founder of the St Petersburg Jewish Folk Music Society (1908) and started collecting and editing Jewish folksong and liturgical music. He served as music director at the Jewish Art Theatre in Petrograd (1917–19). In 1920 he left the Soviet Union for independent Latvia, where he directed music at a Riga theatre, was active as a music critic, and founded the Riga Jewish Conservatory of Music (1920). From 1925 to 1947 he lived in Palestine. He wrote incidental music for the Hebrew theatre, some chamber music, and popular songs, and emerged as a leading authority on the chanting of the Hebrew Bible. He initiated courses on Bible cantillation at the Palestine Conservatory of Music, Jerusalem (now the Rubin Academy of Music). In ...

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