Ruggles, Carl [Charles] (Sprague)
- Paul Griffiths,
- Marilyn J. Ziffrin
- and Robert McMahan
(b East Marion, MA, March 11, 1876; d Bennington, VT, Oct 24, 1971). American composer. He was an associate in the 1920s and 30s of Ives, Varèse and Cowell, and with them he strove for a new, radical spirit in music. His nontonal, polyphonic works have, however, little in common with anything composed by his colleagues....