- Karl-Heinz Schlager
Benedictine abbey in Regensburg, Germany. It was an important centre of musical activity during the Middle Ages. Founded in the late 7th century, the abbey was dedicated to Emmeram, an itinerant Frankish bishop and saint martyred in about 685; his burial place on the ‘Mons martyrum’ outside Regensburg became a notable place of pilgrimage during the 9th century. In the late 10th century the monastery was the centre of Cluniac reform in Bavaria and became independent of the bishopric of Regensburg in 975. In 1030 the abbot placed Otloh (see Otloh of St Emmeram) in charge of the monastery school, which, during the 11th and 12th centuries, was to be a significant source of didactic and speculative works on music; among the names associated with the school are Otker of Regensburg (author of Mensura quadripartite figure), Wilhelm and Aribo. From 1731 until 1803 St Emmeram enjoyed baronial status and became once more a great cultural centre, known especially for painting and science. After this date control of the abbey passed first to the principality of Regensburg and subsequently, at the monastery’s dissolution in ...