Show Summary Details

Page of

Printed from Grove Music Online. Grove is a registered trademark. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a single article for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy).

date: 07 May 2021

Salieri, Antonio locked

  • Jane Schatkin Hettrick
  •  and John A. Rice

Extract

(b Legnago, Aug 18, 1750; d Vienna, May 7, 1825). Italian composer, mainly resident in Vienna. A major contributor to and shaper of Viennese musical life from 1770 to 1820, he also composed successful operas in Italy and Paris, and won admiration from German operagoers as a composer who, in the words of one contemporary critic, ‘could bind all the power of German music to the sweet Italian style’.

Born in Legnago in the Veneto, Salieri studied violin and keyboard with his brother Francesco and with a local organist, Giuseppe Simoni. After the deaths of his parents between 1763 and 1765 he was taken to Venice, where his musical education continued. The Viennese composer F.L. Gassmann, in Venice to oversee the production of his opera Achille in Sciro in 1766, noticed Salieri's talent and ambition and took the youth back to Vienna with him. Under Gassmann's direction he began an intensive programme of musical training. Described by his student Anselm Hüttenbrenner as ‘the greatest musical diplomat’, Salieri won the friendship of people who could help him build a career. Having earned Gassmann's paternal affection, he developed close relations with Metastasio, Gluck and Joseph II. Opportunities to write operas soon offered themselves to Salieri. When Gassmann was in Italy in ...

You do not currently have access to this article

Login

Please login to access the full content.

Subscribe

Please subscribe to access the full content.

Florence, Conservatorio Statale di Musica Luigi Cherubini
Rivista italiana di musicologia
Klosterneuburg, Augustiner-Chorherrenstift, Stiftsbibliothek
Lisbon, Biblioteca da Ajuda
Madrid, Biblioteca Nacional
Rome, Conservatorio di Musica S Cecilia
Budapest, Országos Széchényi Könyvtár
Lille, Bibliothèque Municipale Jean Levy
Salzburg, Erzabtei St Peter, Musikarchiv
Boston, Public Library, Music Department
Regensburg, Fürst Thurn und Taxis Hofbibliothek
Kremsmünster, Benediktinerstift, Musikarchiv
Eisenstadt, Esterházy-Archiv
Einsiedeln, Benedikterkloster, Musikbibliothek
Studien zur Musikwissenschaft
Basle, Universität Basel, Öffentliche Bibliothek, Musikabteilung
Analecta musicologica
Paris, Bibliothèque-Musée de l'Opéra
Turin, Accademia Filarmonica, Archivio
Washington, DC, Library of Congress, Music Division
Naples, Conservatorio di Musica S Pietro a Majella, Biblioteca
Music Review
Madrid, Real Conservatorio Superior de Música, Biblioteca
Detmold, Lippische Landesbibliothek, Musikabteilung
Hamburger Jahrbuch für Musikwissenschaft
Bergamo, Biblioteca Civica Angelo Mai
Brno, Moravské Zemské Muzeum, Oddělení Dějin Hudby
Paris, Bibliothèque Nationale de France
Frankfurt, Stadt- und Universitätsbibliothek
Dresden, Sächsische Staatsoper, Notenbibliothek [in D-Dl]
Melk, Benediktiner-Superiorat Mariazell
Vienna, Österreichische Nationalbibliothek, Musiksammlung
Mitteilungen der Internationalen Stiftung Mozarteum
Wolfenbüttel, Niedersächsisches Staatsarchiv
Genoa, Conservatorio di Musica Nicolò Paganini, Biblioteca
Munich, Bayerische Staatsbibliothek
Modena, Biblioteca Estense e Universitaria
Brussels, Conservatoire Royal, Bibliothèque, Koninklijk Conservatorium, Bibliotheek
Herzogenburg, Augustiner-Chorherrenstift, Musikarchiv
Österreichische Musikzeitschrift
London, British Library
Cambridge Opera Journal
Bologna, Civico Museo Bibliografico Musicale
Zürich, Zentralbibliothek
Harburg (nr Donauwörth), Fürstlich Oettingen-Wallerstein'sche Bibliothek Schloss Harburg [in D-Au]
Venice, Seminario Patriarcale, Archivio
Milan, Conservatorio di Musica Giuseppe Verdi, Biblioteca
Lilienfeld, Zisterzienser-Stift, Musikarchiv und Bibliothek
Paris, Conservatoire [in F-Pn]
Vienna, Stadt- und Landesbibliothek, Musiksammlung
Stockholm, Statens Musikbibliothek
Hamburg, Staats- und Universitätsbibliothek Carl von Ossietzky, Musiksammlung
Leipzig, Leipziger Städtische Bibliotheken, Musikbibliothek
Münster, Bischöflishes Priesterseminar, Bibliothek
Regensburg, Bischöfliche Zentralbibliothek, Proske-Musikbibliothek
Parma, Biblioteca Palatina, sezione Musicale
New York, Public Library at Lincoln Center, Music Division
Münster, Santini-Bibliothek [in D-MÜp]
Vienna, Gesellschaft der Musikfreunde
Staatsbibliothek zu Berlin - Preußischer Kulturbesitz, Musikabteilung
Vienna, Hofburgkapelle [in A-Wn]
Monthly Musical Record
Dresden, Sächsische Landesbibliothek - Staats- und Universitäts-Bibliothek, Musikabteilung
Brussels, Bibliothèque Royale Albert 1er/Koninlijke Bibliotheek Albert I, Section de la Musique