Show Summary Details

Page of

Printed from Grove Music Online. Grove is a registered trademark. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a single article for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy).

date: 12 November 2019

Salieri, Antonio locked

  • Jane Schatkin Hettrick
  •  and John A. Rice


(b Legnago, Aug 18, 1750; d Vienna, May 7, 1825). Italian composer, mainly resident in Vienna. A major contributor to and shaper of Viennese musical life from 1770 to 1820, he also composed successful operas in Italy and Paris, and won admiration from German operagoers as a composer who, in the words of one contemporary critic, ‘could bind all the power of German music to the sweet Italian style’.

Born in Legnago in the Veneto, Salieri studied violin and keyboard with his brother Francesco and with a local organist, Giuseppe Simoni. After the deaths of his parents between 1763 and 1765 he was taken to Venice, where his musical education continued. The Viennese composer F.L. Gassmann, in Venice to oversee the production of his opera Achille in Sciro in 1766, noticed Salieri's talent and ambition and took the youth back to Vienna with him. Under Gassmann's direction he began an intensive programme of musical training. Described by his student Anselm Hüttenbrenner as ‘the greatest musical diplomat’, Salieri won the friendship of people who could help him build a career. Having earned Gassmann's paternal affection, he developed close relations with Metastasio, Gluck and Joseph II. Opportunities to write operas soon offered themselves to Salieri. When Gassmann was in Italy in ...

You do not currently have access to this article


Please login to access the full content.


Please subscribe to access the full content.

Budapest, Országos Széchényi Könyvtár
Regensburg, Bischöfliche Zentralbibliothek, Proske-Musikbibliothek
Washington, DC, Library of Congress, Music Division
Vienna, Gesellschaft der Musikfreunde
Klosterneuburg, Augustiner-Chorherrenstift, Stiftsbibliothek
Modena, Biblioteca Estense e Universitaria
Brussels, Conservatoire Royal, Bibliothèque, Koninklijk Conservatorium, Bibliotheek
Österreichische Musikzeitschrift
Zürich, Zentralbibliothek
Paris, Bibliothèque Nationale de France
London, British Library
Munich, Bayerische Staatsbibliothek
Leipzig, Leipziger Städtische Bibliotheken, Musikbibliothek
Melk, Benediktiner-Superiorat Mariazell
Basle, Universität Basel, Öffentliche Bibliothek, Musikabteilung
Salzburg, Erzabtei St Peter, Musikarchiv
Herzogenburg, Augustiner-Chorherrenstift, Musikarchiv
Milan, Conservatorio di Musica Giuseppe Verdi, Biblioteca
Detmold, Lippische Landesbibliothek, Musikabteilung
Regensburg, Fürst Thurn und Taxis Hofbibliothek
Eisenstadt, Esterházy-Archiv
Studien zur Musikwissenschaft
Frankfurt, Stadt- und Universitätsbibliothek
Venice, Seminario Patriarcale, Archivio
Hamburger Jahrbuch für Musikwissenschaft
Turin, Accademia Filarmonica, Archivio
New York, Public Library at Lincoln Center, Music Division
Lisbon, Biblioteca da Ajuda
Brno, Moravské Zemské Muzeum, Oddělení Dějin Hudby
Analecta musicologica
Einsiedeln, Benedikterkloster, Musikbibliothek
Harburg (nr Donauwörth), Fürstlich Oettingen-Wallerstein'sche Bibliothek Schloss Harburg [in D-Au]
Monthly Musical Record
Paris, Bibliothèque-Musée de l'Opéra
Cambridge Opera Journal
Madrid, Real Conservatorio Superior de Música, Biblioteca
Hamburg, Staats- und Universitätsbibliothek Carl von Ossietzky, Musiksammlung
Naples, Conservatorio di Musica S Pietro a Majella, Biblioteca
Dresden, Sächsische Staatsoper, Notenbibliothek [in D-Dl]
Mitteilungen der Internationalen Stiftung Mozarteum
Bergamo, Biblioteca Civica Angelo Mai
Vienna, Hofburgkapelle [in A-Wn]
Rivista italiana di musicologia
Florence, Conservatorio Statale di Musica Luigi Cherubini
Boston, Public Library, Music Department
Vienna, Österreichische Nationalbibliothek, Musiksammlung
Münster, Santini-Bibliothek [in D-MÜp]
Rome, Conservatorio di Musica S Cecilia
Paris, Conservatoire [in F-Pn]
Wolfenbüttel, Niedersächsisches Staatsarchiv
Brussels, Bibliothèque Royale Albert 1er/Koninlijke Bibliotheek Albert I, Section de la Musique
Kremsmünster, Benediktinerstift, Musikarchiv
Münster, Bischöflishes Priesterseminar, Bibliothek
Lille, Bibliothèque Municipale Jean Levy
Parma, Biblioteca Palatina, sezione Musicale
Stockholm, Statens Musikbibliothek
Staatsbibliothek zu Berlin - Preußischer Kulturbesitz, Musikabteilung
Vienna, Stadt- und Landesbibliothek, Musiksammlung
Madrid, Biblioteca Nacional
Lilienfeld, Zisterzienser-Stift, Musikarchiv und Bibliothek
Genoa, Conservatorio di Musica Nicolò Paganini, Biblioteca
Dresden, Sächsische Landesbibliothek - Staats- und Universitäts-Bibliothek, Musikabteilung
Music Review
Bologna, Civico Museo Bibliografico Musicale