Samosud, Samuil Abramovich
- I.M. Yampol′sky
(b Tbilisi, 2/May 14, 1884; d Moscow, Nov 6, 1964). Georgian conductor. He graduated from the Tbilisi Conservatory as a cellist in 1906, and worked as a cellist with various symphony orchestras for a number of years. From 1917 to 1919 he was a conductor at the Mariinsky Theatre, Petrograd. He was artistic director of the Malïy Theatre, Leningrad (1918–36), of the Bol′shoy Theatre (1936–43), and of the Stanislavsky-Nemirovich-Danchenko Music Theatre, Moscow (1943–50). From 1953 to 1957 he was principal conductor of the Moscow Philharmonia SO and of the All-Union Radio SO. From 1929 to 1936 he taught the orchestra class at the Leningrad Conservatory, where he was made a professor in 1934.
Samosud played a distinguished role as artistic director at the Malïy and Bol′shoy theatres, where his broad artistic perspective, inventiveness and organizational ability were given free rein. He championed many new operas by Soviet composers, confirming the Malïy as the ‘laboratory of Soviet opera’. He was responsible for the premières there of Shostakovich's ...