- Gerard Béhague
(b Manaus, Amazonas, Nov 23, 1919; d Brasília, March 27, 1989). Brazilian composer, conductor and violinist. He studied the violin and theory at the Conservatório de Música do Distrito Federal, Rio de Janeiro, graduating in 1936. After making some first attempts at composition in 1938, he became a pupil of Koellreutter, who introduced 12-note techniques to him. He co-founded and played the violin in the Brazil SO (1941–7), and in 1946 he was awarded a Guggenheim Fellowship, but, unable to secure a visa for the USA, he travelled instead to Paris under a French government fellowship. There he studied with Boulanger and was a conducting pupil of Bigot at the Conservatoire. In 1948 he was the Brazilian delegate to the Prague Congress of Progressive Composers, and the meeting’s condemnation of dodecaphony as ‘bourgeois decadence’ influenced his development. Back in Brazil he worked as music director of the Radio Club do Brasil in Rio (...