- Francis Dhomont
(b Nancy, Aug 14, 1910; d Les Milles, Aug 19, 1995). French composer, theorist, writer and teacher. His tape compositions of 1948 originated musique concrète. Although his parents were musicians he embarked on a scientific career, entering the Ecole Polytechnique in 1929. In 1934 he began to work as a telecommunications engineer in Strasbourg and from 1936 he was a technician with Radiodiffusion Française. Soon he discovered that he was more attracted to literature and philosophy than to technology, and he wrote a number of essays and novels. At this time he developed a taste for communal life, first in scouting, later at Georges Gurdjieff's group meetings. In 1940 he founded Jeune France, an interdisciplinary association interested in music, theatre and the visual arts; the following year he joined Copeau and his pupils in the establishment of the Studio d'Essai, which was to become the centre of the Resistance movement in French radio and later the cradle of ...