- Gerhard Brunner
(b Berlin, June 21, 1891; d Florence, June 12, 1966). German conductor. He was mainly self-taught as a musician, and from the age of 16 was a violist in the Blüthner Orchestra and the Berlin PO, 1907–10. In 1911 he worked with Schoenberg in preparing Pierrot lunaire for performance, and made his début as a conductor during the German tour that followed the work’s Berlin première, showing the support for new musical trends that characterized most of his later work. He became conductor of the Riga SO in 1914, but was interned by the Russians when war broke out. On his return to Berlin in 1918 he founded the Neue Musikgesellschaft, the Scherchen Quartet and, in 1919, the militant musical journal Melos. At this time he also lectured at the Musikhochschule, directed a working-men’s choir, and in 1921 became conductor of the Leipzig Konzertverein’s Grotrian-Steinweg Orchestra. He succeeded Furtwängler as director of the Frankfurt Museumskonzerte in ...