Schmeltzl [Schmältzl], Wolfgang
- Susan Forscher Weiss
(b Kemnath, c1505; d St Lorenzen am Steinfeld, Lower Austria, c1564). German songbook editor and poet. He studied at the University of Vienna about 1523, but in the mid-1530s he married, had a child, and worked as a Protestant cantor in the city of Amberg in Bavaria. About 1540 he deserted his wife and child, moved back to Vienna, reconverted to Catholicism and became a priest, singing in the choir of the Salvatorkapelle and becoming a schoolmaster at the Schottenstift (1540–43). He is thought to have written the first plays in German verse for Viennese audiences (some of them school dramas) and to have taught the first German songs with choral odes to Viennese pupils. He edited Guter seltsamer un kunstreicher teutscher Gesang (Nuremberg, 1544), the earliest known songbook compiled in Vienna. A set of four partbooks, CH-Bu kk IV 19–22, contains one of the few complete copies of Schmeltzl's German lieder (RISM ...