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date: 22 August 2019

Schumann [née Wieck], Clara (Josephine)locked

  • Nancy B. Reich


(b Leipzig, Sept 13, 1819; d Frankfurt, May 20, 1896). German pianist, composer and teacher. One of the foremost European pianists of the 19th century and the wife and champion of the music of Robert Schumann, she was also a respected composer and influential teacher....

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G. Grove, ed.: A Dictionary of Music and Musicians (1878, 1880, 1883, 1899)
Music & Letters
Allgemeine deutsche Biographie (Leipzig, 1875-1912)
Zwickau, Robert-Schumann-Haus
The New Grove Dictionary of Women Composers
Die Musik in Geschichte und Gegenwart
Musical Quarterly
19th Century Music
F.-J. Fétis: Biographie universelle des musiciens
Marburg, Westdeutsche Bibliothek [in D-Bsb]
G. Schilling: Encyclopädie der gesammten musikalischen Wissenschaften, oder Universal-Lexicon der Tonkunst