- Erwin R. Jacobi
(b Kaysersberg, Upper Alsace, Jan 14, 1875; d Lambarené, Gabon, Sept 4, 1965). Alsatian organist and musicologist. After receiving piano lessons at the age of five from his father, he studied the organ and, while still at school, had private music lessons from Eugen Münch, who gave him an early introduction to Bach’s work. At Strasbourg University (1893–9) he studied theology and philosophy, continuing his musical education privately. He perfected his organ technique under Widor in Paris, and played the organ under Ernst Münch in Strasbourg in the performances of Bach cantatas and Passions with the choir of St Wilhelm. He studied music theory with Jacobsthal in Strasbourg, took piano lessons with Philipp and Marie Jaëll in Paris and participated in Stumpf’s studies of the psychology of sound in Berlin. In 1896 he paid his first visit to Bayreuth, where he established friendly relations with Cosima and Siegfried Wagner. His aversion to the modern organ as an instrument for the interpretation of Bach’s polyphonic music dates from the same year and as a result he devoted himself to a careful study of organs and organ building....