Škroup [Schkroup, Skraup], František Jan
- Michaela Freemanová
(b Osice, June 3, 1801; d Rotterdam, Feb 7, 1862). Czech composer and conductor, brother of Jan Nepomuk Škroup. His father, Dominik Škroup (1766–1830), a teacher and composer, introduced František and his brothers Jan Nepomuk and Ignác (1807–89) to music. At the age of 11, already a good flautist, he went to Prague to finish primary school, and supported himself as a choirboy. He continued his schooling at one of the most important Czech national revival movement centres, Hradec Králové, where he was a choirboy at the cathedral and studied with the local choirmaster and composer Franz Volkert (1767–1831); then he returned to Prague to attend university. From 1822 he studied law but also pursued acting, music teaching and performing. Škroup was particularly involved in Czech amateur charity opera productions, which started on 28 December 1823 when the Prague Estates Theatre first gave a Czech version of Weigel’s ...