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date: 22 August 2019

Smith [White; Meadows White], Alice Marylocked

  • Rosemary Williamson


(b London, May 19, 1839; d London, Dec 4, 1884). English composer. The daughter of Richard Smith, a lace merchant, she was a private pupil of William Sterndale Bennett and G.A. Macfarren and at 21 attracted attention when her First Piano Quartet was performed in London by the Musical Society. On 2 January 1867 she married Frederick Meadows White, QC, and in November of that year was elected Female Professional Associate of the Philharmonic Society. Unusually for a woman composer at this period, several of her large-scale works received prominent performances: the overture Endymion at the Crystal Palace (1871), the Clarinet Concerto at the Norwich Festival (1872), the overture Jason by the New Philharmonic Society (1879) and the ode The Passions at the Three Choirs Festival in Hereford (1882). The last, declared by S.S. Stratton to be ‘very near to greatness’, generated debate about women as composers. In ...

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G. Grove, ed.: A Dictionary of Music and Musicians (1878, 1880, 1883, 1899)
The New Grove Dictionary of Women Composers
Dictionary of National Biography (Oxford, 1885-1901, suppls., 1901-96)
Musical Times
Proceedings of the Musical Association