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date: 11 December 2019

Spohr, Louis [Ludewig, Ludwig]locked

  • Clive Brown


[Ludewig, Ludwig]

(b Brunswick, April 5, 1784; d Kassel, Oct 22, 1859). German composer, violinist and conductor.

Regarded by many contemporaries as worthy of a place beside Haydn, Mozart and Beethoven in the pantheon of the greatest composers, he has, together with Gluck and Cherubini, been allotted a considerably lower status by posterity. Mozart's Figaro and Wagner's Tristan were both composed during Spohr's lifetime; his own work looks, Janus-like, towards both the formalism and clarity of the Classical tradition, and the structural and harmonic experimentation associated with 19th-century Romanticism.

Spohr was born into a family which had been active in the vicinity of the Harz mountains, particularly as doctors and pastors, for at least five generations. Both his grandfathers were Lutheran pastors, but his father, Carl Heinrich Spohr (1756–1843), who married a cousin, Juliane Ernestine Luise Henke (1763–1840) on 26 November 1782, had reverted to his family's earlier profession of medicine. Their first child, born a year and a half later, was christened Ludewig, but in accordance with fashionable French taste he was always known as Louis. At that time Carl Heinrich was practising in Brunswick, but in ...

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Vienna, Gesellschaft der Musikfreunde
Zeitschrift für Musik
Kassel, Louis Spohr-Gedenk- und Forschungsstätte, Archiv
Hanover, Stadtbibliothek, Musikbibliothek
Leipzig, Leipziger Städtische Bibliotheken, Musikbibliothek
Hanover, Bibliothek des Kestner-Museums
Mozart-Jahrbuch [Salzburg, 1950-]
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Palo Alto (CA), University, Memorial Library of Music, Department of Special Collections of the Cecil H. Green Library
London, British Library
Neue Zeitschrift für Musik
Allgemeine (deutsche) Musik-Zeitung/Musikzeitung (1874-1943)
Munich, Bayerische Staatsbibliothek
Washington, DC, Library of Congress, Music Division
Vienna, Österreichische Nationalbibliothek, Musiksammlung
Berlin, Stadtbibliothek, Musikbibliothek [in D-Bz]
Hudební veda
Sammelbände der Internationalen Musik-Gesellschaft
Die Musikforschung
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New York, Pierpont Morgan Library
Musical Times
Music & Letters
Dresden, Sächsische Landesbibliothek - Staats- und Universitäts-Bibliothek, Musikabteilung
Staatsbibliothek zu Berlin - Preußischer Kulturbesitz, Musikabteilung
Frankfurt, Stadt- und Universitätsbibliothek
Stockholm, Statens Musikbibliothek
Kassel, Musikakademie, Bibliothek
New York, Public Library at Lincoln Center, Music Division
Paris, Bibliothèque Nationale de France
Zeitschrift der Internationalen Musik-Gesellschaft
Boston, Public Library, Music Department
Archiv für Musikwissenschaft
Archiv für Musikforschung
Kassel, Gesamthochschul-Bibliothek, Landesbibliothek und Murhardsche Bibliothek, Musiksammlung
Basle, Universität Basel, Öffentliche Bibliothek, Musikabteilung