- Viorel Cosma
(b Bucharest, Dec 13, 1843; d Bucharest, April 25, 1925). Romanian composer, conductor and teacher. He studied harmony and the piano with Wachmann at the Bucharest Conservatory (1864–7); at the Paris Conservatoire (1867–71) he was a pupil of Réber (harmony), Auber and Thomas (composition), Delle (singing) and Marmontel (piano). Returning to Romania, he taught singing and opera from 1872 until 1904 at the Bucharest Conservatory, where his pupils included Teodorini, Darclée, Nuovina, Giovanni Dimitrescu and many others who were to make international reputations as opera singers. Stephănescu himself was never a professional singer, but he was an outstanding teacher, and he summarized his method in Despre mecanismul vocal (‘On the vocal mechanism’) (Bucharest, 1896). He conducted at the Bucharest National Theatre from the foundation of the Romanian Opera in 1877; he also helped to further opera in the city by training the house singers and by financially supporting productions by private companies. To assist in the establishment of a national repertory he composed many stage works, some of them in a patriotic vein (e.g. ...