- George Grove
- , revised by Malcolm Miller
(b Breslau, Aug 8, 1820; d Berlin, Feb 27, 1883). German conductor. After his early musical training under Maurer, Ganz and Rungenhagen in Berlin, and violin studies with Lüstner, he went to Dresden in 1843 to study singing and then to Paris, where he was conductor of the German Gesangverein; among the works he performed there was Mendelssohn's Antigone, which drew from the composer a characteristic letter (27 May 1844); Mendelssohn also commended Stern's songs. He returned to Berlin in 1846 and the next year founded the Sternscher Gesangverein, which he conducted until 1874. In 1850, with Kullak and Marx, he founded the Berliner Musikschule; notwithstanding the defection of Kullak in 1855 and Marx in 1857, the conservatory, known from 1857 as the Stern Conservatory, flourished to become one of the finest in Europe. Stern was also conductor of the Berlin Sinfonie-Kapelle (1869–71) and was responsible for the two seasons of the Reichsall concerts (...