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date: 28 January 2020

Sweden (Swed. Swed. Sverige)locked

  • Hans Åstrand,
  • Leif Jonsson,
  • Folke Bohlin,
  • Axel Helmer,
  • Margareta Jersild
  •  and Märta Ramsten

Extract

(Swed. Swed. Sverige)

Country in northern Europe. It occupies the central part of Scandinavia, sharing frontiers with Norway to the west and Finland to the east; it is separated from Denmark by the Øresund strait to the south-west. Southern Sweden was united under one king in the 12th century, and by the Union of Kalmar (1379) Sweden, Norway and Denmark were united under Danish rule. With the accession of Gustav Vasa (1523) the country became independent and subsequently rose to a peak of imperial power in the 17th century, when its provinces included Finland (which had long been under Swedish rule), Livonia, Pomerania and Bremen; most of these were lost under the Peace of Nystad (1721).

Hans Åstrand, assisted by Leif Jonsson

Folke Bohlin

Archaeological finds in Sweden include pre-Christian musical instruments, the most famous of which are the bronze trumpets of about 1300–500 bce. Among other discoveries are flutes, animal horns, rattles and a few bridges from string instruments, some of which were probably imported. Stone carvings showing instruments have been interpreted as depicting religious ceremonies; little is known about other functions that music may have had. In the 11th century Christian missionaries introduced a new musical culture. Liturgical chant, at first following English models, soon became dominated by continental influences. As the ecclesiastical organization developed, the needs of church music were also taken into account, and detailed regulations for cathedral music are known from several dioceses. Monasteries were also important musical centres, parts of the monastic liturgical traditions being taken over by the lay churches; the Dominicans were especially influential, above all in Finland, the eastern part of the kingdom. Similarly, an originally Swedish tradition was taken to other countries, including England, by the Order of the Holy Saviour, founded in the 14th century by St Bridget. All convents of the Brigittine order used a special Office in honour of the Virgin, the ...

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Svensk tidskrift för musikforskning
Archiv für Musikwissenschaft
Acta musicologica
Gesellschaft für Musikforschung: Kongress-Bericht [1950-]
Uppsala, Universitetsbiblioteket
Sammelbände der Internationalen Musik-Gesellschaft
Kirchenmusikalisches Jahrbuch