Tal (Gruenthal), Joseph
- Jehoash Hirshberg
(b Pinne, nr Posen, Sept 18, 1910; d Aug 25, 2008). Israeli composer. He was one of the founders of Israeli art music. Soon after Tal’s birth his family moved to Berlin where his father, a rabbi, became principal of an orphanage and a lecturer on Semitic philology. Joseph studied at the Staatlische Akademischen Hochschule, with Hindemith and Schoenberg’s student Tiessen (composition), Curt Sachs (history), and Trapp (piano). He also learnt the harp as secondary instrument. In 1927 Tal initiated a studio for electronic music. To earn a living he accompanied dancers and silent movies.
With the rise of Nazism Tal lost his post as piano teacher and immigrated to Palestine in March 1934, becoming a member of Kibbutz Gesher. In 1936 he settled in Jerusalem, performing as pianist, teaching piano, and acting as a substitute harp player of the newly founded Palestine Orchestra. He was soon appointed piano and composition teacher at the Palestine Conservatoire. He has related his difficult struggle as an artist in the war-torn country. His cantata ...