- Viorel Cosma
- , revised by Valentina Sandu-Dediu
(b Cluj, June 20, 1934). Romanian composer and conductor. Țăranu studied composition with Sigismund Toduță at the Cluj Conservatory (1951–7), then analysis with Nadia Boulanger and Olivier Messiaen at the Paris Conservatoire (1966–7), and attended the Darmstadt Ferienkurse (1968, 1969, and 1972, analysis with György Ligeti, conducting with Bruno Maderna, and percussion with Christoph Caskel). He is a leading figure of the Cluj school of composition, having started teaching at the Conservatory (later renamed the ‘Gheorghe Dima’ Academy of Music) in 1957. After 1990, Țăranu became a professor of composition and lectured in Germany, Israel, Switzerland, and the USA. Besides his career as a composer – awarded, among other honours, the Koussevitzky prize – Țăranu has also proven himself a capable performer and organizer, as the conductor of the Ars Nova Ensemble of Contemporary Music and as the artistic director of the Cluj Modern Festival. His musicological research – focused primarily on the work of Enescu – contributed to his becoming a member of the Romanian Academy (in ...