- William Y. Elias
(b Łódź, March 13, 1890; d Tel-Aviv, Feb 23, 1972). Israeli conductor and composer of Polish birth . After childhood studies in the violin, flute, piano and cello, he attended the Leipzig Conservatory, then moved to Cologne to study the piano with Neitzel, composition with Strässer and conducting with Abendroth. In 1918 he founded the Concert Society at Bad Godesberg and in 1920 was invited as a guest conductor to Frankfurt, Berlin and Cologne. At Leo Blech’s instigation he joined the Berlin Städtische Oper (now the Deutsche Oper) in 1924, and when Bruno Walter took over the direction of the company Taube remained with him for five years. At Berlin in 1926 he founded a chamber orchestra and choir, with which he presented rarely performed or little-known works, and some written for the ensemble. In 1935 he settled in Israel where he helped to build the orchestra that later became the Israel PO; together with Toscanini, Dobrowen and Steinberg, he was one of its principal conductors from its inception in ...