- Jehoash Hirshberg
City in Israel. It is the commercial, financial and cultural centre of the country. It was founded in 1910 as an all-Jewish suburb of the Arab harbour town of Jaffa, and the first concert was given the same year, when the violinist Moshe Hopenko, a recent immigrant, practised in front of an open window and all the residents gathered outside on the soft sand to listen. Also in 1910 the singer Shulamit Ruppin founded what was the first music school in the country.
Tel-Aviv became an urban centre during the period of the British mandate (1919–48), when its energetic development inspired a repertory of patriotic songs in folk style. In 1923 the conductor Marc Golinkin founded the short-lived Palestine Opera, in 1924 J. Engel's Yuval Publishing House moved to Tel-Aviv, and in 1925 open-air symphonic concerts attracted audiences of 3000. Of special importance was Bronislaw Huberman's decision to make Tel-Aviv the home of the Palestine Orchestra, which he founded in ...