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date: 13 December 2019


  • Warren Anderson
  • , revised by Thomas J. Mathiesen


(b Miletus, c450 bce; dc360 bce). Greek composer and singer to the kithara. He represented the more extreme manifestations of the ‘new music’ that dominated the final decades of the 5th century bce and the succeeding period in Greece. The Suda credits him with 19 musical nomoi, 36 preludes, 18 dithyrambs, 21 hymns, and other works. Some Greek musicographers considered his works to be rather crude and daring violations of the tradition of the Nomos, but his Persians (more than 200 lines of which survive in a nearly contemporary papyrus fragment, PBerol 9875; Campbell, frag.791) nevertheless won the competition at the Athenian games, probably some time between 420 and 416 bce. Moreover, according to Satyrus's Life of Euripides, the prelude to this nomos was written by Euripides himself, who championed Timotheus against his opponents. Timotheus's Persians affords a clear view of the literary style and character of the later ...

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