Togo (Fr. République Togolaise)
- Gerhard Kubik
- and Amagbenyõ Kofi
(Fr. République Togolaise)
Country in West Africa. It has an area of 56,785 km² and a population of 4·68 million (2000 estimate). Languages spoken in Togo include French, Ewe, Mina (Gen-Gbe), Dagomba, Tim (Tem) and Kabyè (Kabrais or Kabiyé).
Like neighbouring Ghana and Benin, Togo can be divided linguistically into two parts: north and south. The southern part is densely populated by people speaking Kwa languages, including Ewe and Fon (Fõ), whereas the north is populated by speakers of Voltaic languages. In the central area of Togo, overlapping with neighbouring peoples in Ghana and Benin, there are 14 ethnic groups speaking so-called Togo-remnant languages: Basilia (Basila), Lelemi, Logba (Lukpa), Adele, Likpe, Santrokofi, Akpafu-Lolobi, Avatime, Nyangbo-Tafi, Bowili, Ahlo (Igo), Kposo (Akposo), Kebu (Akebou) and Animere. Some of these languages are spoken by less than 10,000 people, and little is known about their musical cultures.