Show Summary Details

Page of

Printed from Grove Music Online. Grove is a registered trademark. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a single article for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy).

date: 23 October 2019

Tonary [tonal] (Lat. tonarius, tonarium, tonale, toni, octo toni, intonarium, intonarius; Ger. Tonar; Fr. tonaire)locked

  • Michel Huglo

Extract

[tonal] (Lat. tonarius, tonarium, tonale, toni, octo toni, intonarium, intonarius; Ger. Tonar; Fr. tonaire)

Liturgical book of the Western Christian Church in which the antiphons of the Office and the Mass and, by extension, the responsories and even other chants are classified according to the eight psalm tones of Gregorian chant. Tonaries are theoretically self-contained (e.g. the libellus of F-ME 351, ff.66v–75v), but were often copied in other liturgical books such as antiphoners, graduals, tropers and prosers, and in collections of musical treatises. Their terminology, of Byzantine origin, laid the foundations for the vocabulary of modal theory, in which the standard description of the church modes was developed in the 11th and 12th centuries through the division of the octave into a 4th and a 5th. In the absence of precise melodic notation, the tonary was indispensible to the memorization of the psalmodic endings for each of the eight tones. It was an important adjunct to the antiphoner during the latter's dissemination at the end of the 8th century, and its prolonged use in German-speaking areas until the end of the 13th century may be attributed to the continued need to memorize the chant....

You do not currently have access to this article

Login

Please login to access the full content.

Subscribe

Please subscribe to access the full content.

Munich, Bayerische Staatsbibliothek
Barcelona, Archivo de la Corona de Aragón/Arixiu de la Corona d'Aragó
International Musicological Society: Congress Report [1930-]
Acta musicologica
Naples, Biblioteca Nazionale Vittorio Emanuele III
Stuttgart, Württembergische Landesbibliothek
Rouen, Bibliothèque Municipale
Bamberg, Staatsbibliothek
Rome, Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana
St Gallen, Stiftsbibliothek, Handschriftenabteilung
Berkeley, University of California at Berkeley, Music Library
Wolfenbüttel, Herzog August Bibliothek, Handschriftensammlung
Paris, Bibliothèque Nationale de France
Oxford, Corpus Christi College Library
Grenoble, Bibliothèque Municipale
Parma, Biblioteca Palatina, sezione Musicale
Edinburgh, National Library of Scotland, Music Dept
London, British Library
Arras, Médiathèque Municipale
Laon, Bibliothèque Municipale
Metz, Médiathèque
Cambridge, Corpus Christi College, Parker Library
Montpellier, Bibliothèque Inter-Universitaire, Section Médecine
Trier, Stadtbibliothek
Brussels, Bibliothèque Royale Albert 1er/Koninlijke Bibliotheek Albert I, Section de la Musique
Paris, Bibliothèque de la Sorbonne
Salisbury, Cathedral Library
Troyes, Bibliothèque Municipale
Rome, Biblioteca Casanatense, sezione Musica
Monza, Parrocchia di S Giovanni Battista, Biblioteca Capitolare