Show Summary Details

Page of

Printed from Grove Music Online. Grove is a registered trademark. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a single article for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy).

date: 21 January 2020

Trope(i) (Gk. tropos: ‘turn’, ‘turn of phrase’; Lat. tropus)locked

  • Alejandro Enrique Planchart


(Gk. tropos: ‘turn’, ‘turn of phrase’; Lat. tropus)

Name given from the 9th century onwards to a number of closely related genres consisting essentially of additions to pre-existing chants. Three types of addition are found: (1) that of a musical phrase, a melisma without text (unlabelled or called trope in the sources); (2) that of a text to a pre-existing melisma (most frequently called prosula, prosa, verba or versus, though sometimes also trope, in the sources); (3) that of a new verse or verses, consisting of text and music (most frequently called trope, but also laudes, versus and in certain specific cases farsa, in the sources).

The medieval terminology was far from consistent (Odelman, C1975), and scholars in the late 19th and early 20th centuries expanded it (thus compounding the problem) to include even the sequence and its proses, the conductus, verse songs that sometimes replaced the Benedicamus Domino, and the upper voices of early Ars Antiqua motets. Despite efforts by Crocker (...

You do not currently have access to this article


Please login to access the full content.


Please subscribe to access the full content.

Trent, Castello del Buonconsiglio: Monumenti e Collezioni Provinciali, Biblioteca
St Gallen, Stiftsbibliothek, Handschriftenabteilung
Madrid, Biblioteca Nacional
Journal of the Plainsong and Mediaeval Music Society
Jahrbuch für Liturgik und Hymnologie
Paris, Bibliothèque Ste-Geneviève
Archiv für Musikwissenschaft
Svensk tidskrift för musikforskning
Naples, Biblioteca Nazionale Vittorio Emanuele III
Apt, Basilique Ste Anne
Revue de musicologie
Etudes grégoriennes
Rivista italiana di musicologia
Laon, Bibliothèque Municipale
Kraków, Uniwersytet Jagielloński, Biblioteka Jagiellońska
Aosta, Seminario Maggiore
International Musicological Society: Congress Report [1930-]
Staatsbibliothek zu Berlin - Preußischer Kulturbesitz, Musikabteilung
Bamberg, Staatsbibliothek
F.Ll. Harrison: Music in Medieval Britain (London, 1958, 4/1980)
Gesellschaft für Musikforschung: Kongress-Bericht [1950-]
Journal of the American Musicological Society
Vienna, Österreichische Nationalbibliothek, Musiksammlung
Munich, Benediktinerabtei St Bonifaz, Bibliothek
Journal of Musicology
Miscellanea musicologica [Australia]
Paris, Bibliothèque Nationale de France
Rome, Biblioteca Vallicelliana
Tijdschrift van de Vereniging voor Nederlandse muziekgeschiedenis [and earlier variants]
Studien zur Musikwissenschaft
Munich, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität, Universitätsbibliothek, Abteilung Handschriften, Nachlässe, Alte Drucke
Die Musikforschung
Venice, Conservatorio di Musica Benedetto Marcello, Biblioteca
Acta musicologica
Annales musicologiques
Proceedings of the Royal Musical Association
Musical Quarterly
Zeitschrift für Musikwissenschaft
Bologna, Civico Museo Bibliografico Musicale
Chartres, Bibliothèque Municipale
Sammelbände der Internationalen Musik-Gesellschaft
Collectanea historiae musicae (1953-66)
Kirchenmusikalisches Jahrbuch
The New Oxford History of Music (Oxford, 1954-90)
Rome, Biblioteca Angelica
Lisbon, Biblioteca Nacional, Centro de Estudos Musicológicos
Die Musik in Geschichte und Gegenwart