- Bernarr Rainbow
- , revised by Rosemary Williamson
(b Blencowe, Nov 12, 1832; d London, Oct 11, 1899). English translator and church musician. Educated at Rugby and Oxford (MA, 1858) and ordained priest in 1856, Troutbeck became minor canon of Manchester Cathedral in 1864 and precentor the following year. In 1869 he became minor canon and from 1895 precentor of Westminster Abbey, where he greatly improved the education and welfare of the choristers. His English translations of J.S. Bach’s St Matthew Passion, St John Passion and Christmas Oratorio were well known; but these were only a few of many similar translations, all published in Novello’s ‘Original Octavo’ edition of vocal scores, which he made of works by Beethoven, Brahms, Dvořák, Gounod, Graun, Liszt, Saint-Saëns, Schumann, Tchaikovsky, Weber and less familiar composers (see Grove5). In the field of opera his English librettos of Gluck’s Iphigénie en Aulide, Iphigénie en Tauride and Orfeo ed Euridice, Mozart’s ...