Ulhart [Ulhard], Philipp
- Marie Louise Göllner
(d Augsburg, 1567 or 1568). German printer. In 1522 he began printing in Augsburg, using the typefaces of Sigmund Grimm, who had in turn acquired them from Erhard Oeglin. Ulhart’s first efforts in publishing, as Schottenloher showed, were devoted almost exclusively to promoting the cause of various Reformed sects then active in Augsburg, particularly that of the Anabaptists, whose leaders included his friends Jacob Dachser and Sigmund Salminger. On 7 March 1523 in an attempt to curb sectarianism, the city council required Ulhart and seven other Augsburg printers to swear a formal oath that they would not publish anonymously. The order was rescinded shortly afterwards, and almost 200 anonymous pamphlets can be traced from typographical evidence to Ulhart’s press from the period 1523–9. In connection with the vigorous persecution of the Anabaptists he was imprisoned for eight days in 1526 and arrested again in 1528, but released for lack of evidence. In ...